The average temperature at the foot of the mountain is 25° to 30° C. On the summit, it can range from -12° to 10° C but is usually below freezing. At 3000m (above the tree line), the day temperatures range from 5° to 15° C and then cool off significantly at night. As you work your way up the mountain, you will traverse through many different climates that vary in temperature and precipitation. Light rain is fairly consistent in the lower rainforest section while the upper parts of the mountain often experience passing snowstorms.
If you’re looking to break the record, the smallest age to reach the summit of mountain Kilimanjaro was 9 years old, and the oldest person who reached the summit of Kilimanjaro was 87 years old!
Swahili is widely spoken in Tanzania as well in Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda. Your guide will speak excellent English as well Swahili and usually also a native language.
The number of hours you hike each day varies from 3 hours (minimum) to 7 hours (maximum), depending on the intensity of the slope and difficulty of the climb.
Kilimanjaro may be climbed at any time throughout a year, in the bimodal regime the March-May rains are referred to as the long rains, whereas the October-December rains are generally known as short rains. January to May is very good with mild temperature.
Kilimanjaro is easily accessible. However, you should not underestimate this mountain. There are no technical mountaineering skills required, but only general fitness.
This is a common concern; there is no need to worry about. By walking slowly, your body will acclimatize itself to the high altitude. The guide will permanently remind you about this (“pole pole’-which means “slowly slowly’).
You will carry your own daypack, you do not need to carry your personal backpack/duffel pack” It will be carried by a porter. During a day you need to carry some water, snacks, camera, waterproof layers, hat and basic First Aid Kit. These will depend on your priorities.
Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro is a physical undertaking, so you should prepare yourself accordingly with a Kilimanjaro training program. Being in good shape is important in many respects. Obviously, strong, conditioned legs make it easier to walk uphill and downhill for sustained periods of time. General aerobic fitness allows the body to function efficiently with less oxygen. And a fit body is more likely to withstand the stress of consecutive days of hiking and camping. Finally, a positive mental attitude can work wonders for you when fatigue and doubts arise.
All climbers should have a medical check prior to attempting the mountain. Ask your doctor if high altitude trekking is permissible for your age, fitness level and health condition. Ask if you have any preexisting medical conditions that can cause problems on the climb. Ask if any of your medications can affect altitude acclimatization. Ask whether Diamox can be taken with your existing prescription medicines.